1. In the Kabalistic hierarchy of heaven, archangels are beings who carry out the will of God. Each has limitations and is associated with powers represented by aspects of the divine which, in turn, are represented by names of God. Rather than carry out the divine will themselves, they may achieve these goals by commanding the angels they control.
2. (Greek, “chief messenger/principal messenger”) A class of princely angels with authority over heavenly realms, early nations, or other angels. The term “archangel” does not actually appear in Jewish literature until almost modern times. Hebrew angelic terms include Irin (Watcher), Sar (Prince/Archon), or Sharet (Ministering angel).